Jangan Sampai Salah Lagi! Ini Bacaan, Niat dan Tata Cara Sholat Tarawih Terlengkap

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Trading is an active style of participating in the financial markets that seeks to outperform traditional buy-and-hold investing. Rather than trying to profit from long-term uptrends in the markets, traders look for short-term price moves to profit in both rising and falling markets.As a trader, one of the most important things you can do to improve your chances of success is to approach trading as a business. A successful trading business requires a strategic plan that covers your actual business and your actual trading. Your business plan will include things like short and long-term goals, the amount of capital you have available for the business and how you will set up your office. Your trading plan includes the details of trading: what you will trade and how you will trade it. Your plan should be so objective and concise that you could hand it over to another trader and they would be able to execute it exactly.It’s important to understand that your trading plan is not simply a set of rules that you think will work, a list of set-ups that you are somehow fond of, or someone else’s plan. A good trading plan is one that you have researched, tested on historical data, tested in a live market and continue to evaluate at regular intervals.Successful trading involves more than reading a few articles or books, and you should plan on devoting a substantial amount of time and effort before ever placing a trade in a live market. This can be difficult because most new traders are anxious to get in the market. While the research and time commitments may sound daunting, they're a realistic and integral part of becoming a profitable, independent trader.This tutorial serves as an introduction to help you get started trading. For more information, be sure to check out part two of our series, which covers more advanced topics including charting, leverage, risk and strategy automation. Many people who become interested in trading are first introduced to the financial markets through investing.The purpose of investing is to build wealth slowly over time, and this is typically accomplished through a buy-and-hold approach: making investments – such as in a stock, ETF or mutual fund – and allowing price to fluctuate over time. Investors “ride out” the inevitable downtrends with the expectation that prices will eventually rebound and rise over the long-term.After years or decades, the investment will, in many cases, increase in value and provide positive returns for the investor. Long-term returns can be further amplified by compounding through the reinvestment of profits and dividends. Investments are often viewed as a means of building wealth to provide stability and income during the retirement years.While investments are typically held for a period of years or even decades, traders buy and sell stocks, commodities, currency pairs and various other investment vehicles with the intention of generating returns that outperform a buy-and-hold strategy. Trading profits are viewed as income since profits are “taken off the table” on a regular basis (as opposed to investing, where positions are generally left alone for the long haul).Trading profits are achieved through buying low and selling high – and selling high and buying (to cover) low, in the case of short selling – and all trades are entered and exited within a relatively short period of time. This time period can vary from a few seconds to months or even years, depending on the trader’s style. The following chart lists the four primary trading styles - position, swing, day and scalp – with the corresponding time frames and holding periods for each.
Trading is an active style of participating in the financial markets that seeks to outperform traditional buy-and-hold investing. Rather than trying to profit from long-term uptrends in the markets, traders look for short-term price moves to profit in both rising and falling markets.As a trader, one of the most important things you can do to improve your chances of success is to approach trading as a business. A successful trading business requires a strategic plan that covers your actual business and your actual trading. Your business plan will include things like short and long-term goals, the amount of capital you have available for the business and how you will set up your office. Your trading plan includes the details of trading: what you will trade and how you will trade it. Your plan should be so objective and concise that you could hand it over to another trader and they would be able to execute it exactly.It’s important to understand that your trading plan is not simply a set of rules that you think will work, a list of set-ups that you are somehow fond of, or someone else’s plan. A good trading plan is one that you have researched, tested on historical data, tested in a live market and continue to evaluate at regular intervals.Successful trading involves more than reading a few articles or books, and you should plan on devoting a substantial amount of time and effort before ever placing a trade in a live market. This can be difficult because most new traders are anxious to get in the market. While the research and time commitments may sound daunting, they're a realistic and integral part of becoming a profitable, independent trader.This tutorial serves as an introduction to help you get started trading. For more information, be sure to check out part two of our series, which covers more advanced topics including charting, leverage, risk and strategy automation. Many people who become interested in trading are first introduced to the financial markets through investing.The purpose of investing is to build wealth slowly over time, and this is typically accomplished through a buy-and-hold approach: making investments – such as in a stock, ETF or mutual fund – and allowing price to fluctuate over time. Investors “ride out” the inevitable downtrends with the expectation that prices will eventually rebound and rise over the long-term.After years or decades, the investment will, in many cases, increase in value and provide positive returns for the investor. Long-term returns can be further amplified by compounding through the reinvestment of profits and dividends. Investments are often viewed as a means of building wealth to provide stability and income during the retirement years.While investments are typically held for a period of years or even decades, traders buy and sell stocks, commodities, currency pairs and various other investment vehicles with the intention of generating returns that outperform a buy-and-hold strategy. Trading profits are viewed as income since profits are “taken off the table” on a regular basis (as opposed to investing, where positions are generally left alone for the long haul).Trading profits are achieved through buying low and selling high – and selling high and buying (to cover) low, in the case of short selling – and all trades are entered and exited within a relatively short period of time. This time period can vary from a few seconds to months or even years, depending on the trader’s style. The following chart lists the four primary trading styles - position, swing, day and scalp – with the corresponding time frames and holding periods for each.

Shalat tarawih adalah shalat yang dikerjakan di setiap malam setelah shalat Isya  selama bulan Ramadhan. Shalat ini biasa disebut qiyaamu Ramadhan.

Hukumnya adalah sunat mu’akkadah (sangat dianjurkan), baik dikerjakan sendiri-sendiri maupun berjamaah. Akan tetapi lebih utama dikerjakan dengan berjamaah.

Adapuh waktu pelaksanaannya adalah mulai setelah shalat Isya sampai terbit fajar shadiq (masuk waktu subuh).

Jumlah rakaatnya 20 rakaat (ditambah 3 rakaat sunat witir), atau adapula-yang mengerjakan 8 rakaat (ditambah 3 rakaat sunat witir).

Shalat tarawih ini boleh dikerjakan dengan 2 macam cara, yaitu:

  • Setiap 2 sakaat salam
  • Setiap 4 rakaat salam (tanpa tasyahud awal)

Akan tetapi yang paling baik adalah setiap 2 rakaat salam, karena dalam hadits Rasulullah saw menyatakan bahwa shalat malam itu sebaiknya dikerjakan 2 rakaat 2 rakaat.

Setelah shalat tarawih selesai dilanjutkan dengan mengerjakan . shalat sunat witir 3 rakaat. Shalat sunat witir ini boleh dikerjakan 3 rakaat salam (3 rakaat sekaligus, tanpa tasyahud awal), atau pertama dikerjakan 2 rakaat, kemudian 1 rakaat.

Cara pelaksanaan shalat tarawih sama dengan cara pelaksanaan shalat fardhu, baik gerakan maupun bacaannya. Perbedaannya adalah pada niat.

Niat shalat tarawih adalah:

USHALLII SUNNATAT TARAAWIIH RAK’ATAINI MA’MUUMAN LILLAAHI TA’AALAA,

Artinya: (di dalam hati pada saat takbiratulihram) “Aku (niat) shalat sunat tarawih 2 rakaat mengikut imam, karena AllahTa’ala.”

Jika shalat sendiri, maka kata MA’MUUMAN (mengikut imam) di hilangkan. Sedangkan jika menjadi imam maka kata MA’MUUMAN diganti dengan IMAAMAN (menjadi imam).

Di samping itu, dalam shalat tarawih surat yang dibaca setelah Al-Fatihah sebaiknya adalah:

Malam tanggal 1 sampai pertengahan Ramadhan:

Setiap rakaat pertama dibaca satu surat dari surat-surat berikut secara berurutan, yaitu : At-Takaatsur, Al-‘Ashr-Al-Humazah, Al-Fiil, Quraisy, Al-Maa’uun, Al-Kautsar; Al-Kaafiruun, An-Nashr dan Al-Lahab. Sedangkan setiap rakaat kedua dibaca surat Al-Ikhlash.

Malam pertengahan sampai akhir Ramadhan:

Setiap rakaat pertama dibaca surat Al-Qadr. Sedangkan setiap rakaat kedua dibaca satu surat dari surat-surat berikut secara berurutan, yaitu : At-Takaatsur, Al-‘Ashr, Al-Humazah,. Al-Fiil, Quraisy, Al^Maa’uun, Al-Kaiitsar, AK Kaafiruuh, An-Nashr dan Al-Lahab.

Jika tidak mampu membaca surat-surat tersebut di atas, maka bacalah surat-surat yang telah dikuasai, karena pada dasarnya dalam membaca surat ini tidak ada aturan khusus.

Jadi boleh saja membaca surat apa saja yang dikehendaki. Sedangkan bagi makmum tak perlu membaca surat-surat tersebut, sama seperti shalat berjamaah lainnya.

Khusus pada malam pertengahan sampai akhir Ramadhan, disunatkan membaca doa kunut. Doa kunut tersebut dibaca pada rakaat terakhir shalat witir, setelah i’tidal (sebelum sujud).

Dalam shalat tarawih, khusus jika dilakukan dengan berjamaah, sebaiknya ditunjuk seorang yang bertugas memandu pembacaan shalawat yang mengiringi shalat tarawih. Orang yang bertugas memandu pembacaan shalawat ini disebut bilal.

Pelaksanaan shalat tarawih:

1) Sebelum shalat dimulal bilal mengucapkan:

SHALAATAT TARAAWIIH AA JARAKUMULLAAH.

Artinya: “Mari kita laksanakan shalat tarawih, semoga Allah memberikan ganjaran kepadakamusemua.”

Jamaah menjawab:

LAA ILAAHA ILLALLAAHU MUHAMMADUR RASUU-LULLAAHISHALLALLAAHU ‘ ALAIHIWA SALLAMA.

Artinya: “Tak ada Tuhan selain Allah, Nabi Muhammad adalah utusan Allah, semoga rahmatAllah dan kesejahteraan terlimpah kepadanya”

Bilal mengucapkan lagi:

ALLAAHUMMA SHALLI ‘ALAA MUHAMMADIW WA ‘ALAAA AALI MUHAMMAD.

Artinya: “Wahai Allah! Berilah rahmat kepada nabi Muhammad dan keluarganya”

Jamaah menjawab:

ALLAAHUMMA SHALLI WA SALLIM ’ALAIH.

Artinya: “Wahai Allah! Berilah rahmat dan kesejahteraan kepadanya.”

Kemudian melaksanakan shalat tarawih 2 rakaat pertama.

2) Bilal mengucapkan:

FADHLAN MINALLAAHI WA NI’MAH.

Artinya: “Kemurahan dan kenikmatan dari Allah.”

Jamaah menjawab:

WA MAGHFIRATAW WARAHMAH. YAA TAWWAAB YAA WAASI’AL MAGHFIRAH YAA ARHAMAR RAAHIMIIN.

Artinya: “Begitu pula ampunan dan rahmat. Wahai Yang Maha Menerima taubat, Wahai Yang Maha Luas ampuhan-Nya, Wahai Yang Paling Penyayang di antqra para penyayang”

Keniudian melaksanakan shalat tarawih 2 rakaat kedua.

3) Bilal mengucapkan:

ALLAAHUMMA SHALLI ‘ALAA MUHAMMADIW WA ‘ ALAA AALI MUHAMMAD. ;

Jamaah menjawab:

ALLAAHUMMA SHALLI WAS ALLIM ALAIH. Kemudian melaksanakan shalat tarawih 2 rakaat ketiga.

4) Bilal mengucapkan:

FADHLAN MINALLAAHI WA NI’MAH,

Jamaah menjawab:

WA MAGHFIRATAW WARAHMAH. YAA TAWWAAB YAA WAASI’AL MAGHFIRAH YAA ARHAMAR RAAHIMIIN.

Kemudian melaksanakan shalat tarawih 2 rakaat keempat.

5) Bilal mengucapkan:

AL-KHALIIFATUL UULAA AMIIRUL MU’MINIIN SAYYIDUNAA ABUU BAKRINISH SHIDDflQ.

Artinya: “Khalifa pertama Amirul mu’minin Penghulu kita, Abu Bakar Shiddiq”

Jamaah menjawab:

RADHIYALLAAHU ‘ANH.

Artinya: “Semoga Allah meridhainya”

Kemudian melaksanakan shalat tarawih 2 rakaat kelima.

6) Bilal mengucapkan:

FADHLAN MINALLAAHI WANFMAH.

Jamaah menjawab:

WA MAGHFIRATAW WARAHMAH. YAA TAWWAAB YAA WAASI’AL MAGHFIRAH YAA ARHAMAR RAAHIMIIN.

Kemudian melaksanakan shalat tarawih 2 rakaat keenam 7)

Bilal mengucapkan:

AL-KHALIIFATUTS TSAANIYAH AMIIRUL MU’MINIIN SAYYIDUNAA ‘UMARUBNUL KHATHTHAAB.

Artinya: “Khalifah kedua Amirulmu’minin Penghulu kita, Umarbin Khattob”

Jamaah menjawab:

RADHIYALLAAHU ‘ANH.

Kemudian melaksanakan shalat tarawih 2 rakaat ketujuh,

8) Bilal mengucapkan:

FADHLAN MINALLAAHI WANFMAH.

Jamaah menjawab:

WA MAGHFIRATAW WARAHMAH. YAA TAWWAAB YAA WAASI’AL MAGHFIRAH YAA ARHAMAR RAAHIMIIN.

Kemudian melaksanakan shalat tarawih 2 rakaat kedelapan.

9) Bilal mengiicapkan:

AL-KHALIIFATUTS TSAALITSAH AMIIRUL MU’MINIIN SAYYIDUNAA ‘UTSMAANUBNU ‘AFFAAN.

Artinya: “Khalifah ketiga Amirulmu’ minin Penghulu kita, Usman bin Ajfan.”

Jamaah menjawab :

RADHIYALLAAHU’ANH.

Kemudian melaksanakan shalat tarawih 2 rakaat kesembilan.

10) Bilal mengucapkan:

AL-KHALUFATUR RAABI’AH AMIIRUL MU’MINIIN SAYYIDUNAA ‘ALIYYUBNU ABIITHAALIB.

Artinya: “Khalifahke-4 Amirul mu’minin Penghulu kita, Ali bin Abi Thalib.”